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Peace Taxonomy

A guide to peace-positive investing

The essence of the Peace Taxonomy

The Peace Taxonomy is a vital tool guiding investors and businesses to identify specific changes they aim to achieve in peace and stability. It distinguishes three dimensions of peace impacts, providing clarity and direction for peace-focused investments.

Three dimensions of peace impact

  1. Safety and security: This dimension focuses on reducing violence and conflict, or the fear thereof, known as negative peace. It encompasses various forms of direct physical violence and includes strategies like policing, law enforcement, peacekeeping and community enforcement. Private-sector investments often contribute indirectly to mitigating these forms of violence, with direct impact in areas like gender-based violence through specific employment policies and community engagement.
  2. Social peace: Broader and more systemic than safety and security, social peace impacts are crucial for investors due to their operational and reputational relevance. This dimension covers a range of factors, from community inequalities to intercommunal violence, emphasising the need for intentional strategies that go beyond minimum safeguards to create meaningful social peace.
  3. Political peace: This dimension involves high-level interventions in political relationships and dispute resolution mechanisms. Political peace is often visible in formal peace agreements or legal changes and requires careful consideration by investors to ensure their activities do not exacerbate conflict dynamics in fragile settings.
2.10 Impact on cultural identities and local traditions. 2.11 Other examples of impact. No harm is caused in other dimensions and sub - dimensions (DNH). Exclusionary criteria and minimum social and environmental safeguards. Peace impact dimension 1: Safety and security Peace impact dimension 2: Social peace Peace impact dimension 3: Political peace Subdimensions 1.1 Impact on direct interpersonal violence in the community. 2.1 Impact on vertical social cohesion (State and society trust). 3.1 Impact on diplomatic relations between States and non - State actors. 1.2 Impact on sexual and gender - based violence (SGBV) in the community or household. 2.2 Impact on horizontal social cohesion (trust between groups). 3.2 Impact on the development of infrastructure or on the provision of goods and services that support a formal peace process (defined in a peace agreement or recognised to be an element of a peace process). 1.3 Impact on abuse and all forms of violence against children. 2.3 Impact on equitable access to resources and basic services, income and goods (education, health, housing, work, etc.). 3.3 Impact on formal or informal dispute resolution mechanisms; improved perception of justice and human rights issues. 1.4 Impact on collective and intercommunal violence. 2.4 Impact on gender, intergenerational equity or on other group identities based on caste, class, race, ethnicity, religion, political affiliation, etc. 3.4 Impact on transboundary relations (for example, cross border energy or water projects). 1.5 Impact on armed conflict, State - sponsored violence, or violence by non - State actors. 2.5 Impact on governance of public services and trustworthy delivery of basic services. 3.5 Other examples of impact . 1.6 Impact on conflicts over natural resources. 2.6 Impact on patterns of economic exclusion of marginalised or excluded communities or groups. 1.7 Impact on fear of violence in above categories. 2.7 Impact on the free flow of information, transparency, accountability, and corruption in public and private institutions. 1.8 Other examples of impact. 2.8 Impact on climate resilience and access to cleaner sources of energy. 2.9 Impact on structural grievances that are sources of violence (such as land rights and title, access to natural resources, etc.).
© Finance for Peace 2023